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The Benefits of an Urban Forest


Trees are a real solution to mitigating the impacts of climate change and building a resilient community.

  • Carbon Sequestration

  • Storm water management

  • Watershed protection

  • Water quality improvement

  • Temperature moderation and cooling amidst urban heat islands 

  • Air pollution reduction

  • Energy conservation


Trees have a measurable positive impact on both physical and mental health.

  • Boost the immune system

  • Reduce deaths from heart attacks, stroke, and lower-respiratory disease

  • Promote better sleep

  • Reduce mental stress and anxiety 

  • Reduce heat-related physical stress

  • Improve brain function

  • Improve mood

  • Provide easier breathing for asthmatic children 

  • Provide nutritious local food through fruit bearing trees, bushes, and vines 



Financial and economic benefits for the city, business owners, and residents arise from urban trees. Bloomington’s existing tree canopy is a vital asset to be protected, providing a value of nearly $55.0 million in ecological and economic benefits. Generally, trees provide substantial increases in property value (studies show up to 15%) and reduced energy costs for residents. Shoppers report willingness to travel further and spend more time and money in businesses in high quality tree canopy cover, according to research. A healthy urban forest also goes hand-in-hand with a robust green economy of arborists, landscapers, and nurseries.


Multiple studies show that more trees and greener common spaces in cities are associated with more social activities, social ties, and a greater sense of belonging, factors associated with increased collective action for community improvement. Thus, tree planting programs for neighborhoods can foster community cohesion, improved environmental literacy, and deepened civic engagement. Employment programming for youth or underemployed populations can support community initiatives.

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